In the country we associate with the earliest history of Buddhism, where today 80 percent of the population is Hindu,* there is a growing interest in Buddhism:
The faith that was started 2,500 years ago by a worldly, disaffected Indian prince, Siddhartha Gautama, is finding new adherents among the modern princes and princesses of the country’s prosperous élite. They’re facing some of the same tensions that have made Buddhist practice so popular in the U.S. and Europe. “As in America, there are all kinds of new pressures that are at work on people, all kinds of mental stress,” says K.T.S. Sarao, a professor of Buddhist studies at the University of Delhi. The wealth created by India’s technology boom has brought with it the realization that material comfort isn’t the same thing as happiness. Caught in that tender trap, Sarao says, “People turn to meditation.” (Time magazine, July 15, 2008 )
Everything is always changing.
And of course, there’s no need to give up your previous religious practices if you begin to practice Buddhism. So as the article points out, Indian Buddhists do not need to dissociate themselves from the myriad Hindu holidays and rituals that permeate the country’s culture.
*CIA World Factbook: India.